Thing to Know Before Visiting Iceland

Iceland, known as the “Land of Fire and Ice,” is a captivating country with stunning landscapes, unique geological features, and a rich cultural heritage. Before embarking on your Icelandic adventure, here are some important things to know that will help you make the most of your trip.

Don’t forget to check out our Blog: Top 10 Best Places to Visit in Iceland

Weather and Seasons:

Weather and Seasons

Iceland’s weather is notoriously unpredictable, so visitors should be prepared for a variety of circumstances. The country’s location near the Arctic Circle with the influence of the Gulf Stream results in a distinct climate.

Compared to other countries at similar latitudes, Iceland has pleasant summers and comparatively mild winters. On the other hand, weather conditions can change rapidly, even within a day. Rain, wind and fog are widespread and it is not uncommon to experience all four seasons in one day.

Summer (June to August) features long days and pleasant temperatures ranging from 10°C to 15°C (50°F to 59°F). Winter features fewer daylight hours and colder temperatures, with average highs ranging from 0°C to 5°C (32°F to 41°F).
Dress in layers and be prepared for changeable weather regardless of the season. Waterproof and windproof gear, as well as robust footwear, are required. Before engaging in outdoor activities, it is best to verify the weather forecast and road conditions. Understanding the weather in Iceland will ensure a safe and pleasurable vacation.

The Midnight Sun and the Polar Night:

The Midnight Sun and the Polar Night

Because of its high latitude, Iceland experiences remarkable natural phenomena such as the midnight sun and polar night. During the summer, Iceland experiences the midnight sun, when the sun is visible about 24 hours a day.
This phenomenon happens from late May to mid-July, with a peak in late June around the summer solstice. Even in the late evening and early morning hours, the extended daylight hours allow enough time for exploring, outdoor activities and enjoying the stunning scenery under the golden light of the sun.

Iceland, on the other hand, experiences polar darkness during the winter months. This is a time of year when daylight hours are severely limited and darkness dominates for a large portion of the day. From late November to mid-January, some parts of Iceland may see only a few hours of twilight or a glimmer of daylight, with the remainder of the day in utter darkness. The polar night provides a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to witness the hypnotic northern lights flashing across the dark sky. The midnight sun and the arctic night both provide visitors with amazing experiences and the opportunity to view nature’s wonders amid Iceland’s distinctive landscape.

Currency and Tipping:

Iceland’s national currency is the Icelandic Krona (ISK). While credit cards are commonly accepted throughout the country, it is best to carry some cash with you, especially when visiting isolated areas or tiny businesses where card payments are not accepted.

Tipping is neither common nor expected in Iceland, as service charges are typically included in the bill. However, in tourist locations, rounding up the bill or giving a little tip for good service is appreciated and becoming increasingly frequent. In general, Icelanders are paid a fair wage, and service workers do not rely primarily on tips to supplement their earnings.

When paying with a credit card, certain places may ask if you wish to add a gratuity when the payment is processed. It is totally up to you whether or not to leave a tip, based on your experience and level of satisfaction with the service received.

Knowing the Icelandic currency and tipping practices can provide a smooth and trouble-free financial experience throughout your vacation.


Icelandic is the official language of the country. However, most Icelanders speak English fluently, especially in tourist areas, hotels, restaurants and shops. This facilitates communication for foreign tourists.

While English is commonly spoken, learning some basic Icelandic words is a good gesture that shows respect for the local culture. Simple greetings like “hello” (hallo) and “thank you” (takk) can help promote healthy encounters with locals.

Individuals who speak minimal English may be encountered in more distant regions or when communicating with elder generations. A phrasebook or translation app can be useful in such situations.
Icelanders appreciate visitors’ efforts to learn a few words of their language and are frequently happy to assist or guide pronunciation. A short discussion in Icelandic can personalise your experience and help you connect with the local culture.


Due to its low crime rate, Iceland is regarded as a safe destination for travelers. Nevertheless, it’s crucial to follow the usual safety precautions while you’re there. Remember the following:

Although there is little chance of theft, you should always take precautions to protect your valuables. Use the lockers or safes offered by the lodging to store valuables and avoid leaving baggage unattended.

  • Services in case of emergency: Become familiar with Iceland’s emergency phone numbers, particularly the universal emergency number (112), which links you to the police, ambulance, or fire departments.
  • Outdoor Activities: If you intend to partake in outdoor activities like hiking or nature exploration, let someone know about your plans and come equipped with the necessary gear, such as strong footwear, weatherproof clothing, and navigational tools. Follow safety precautions and keep an eye on the weather.

Driving in Iceland requires observing traffic laws, exercising caution on rural roads, and checking the state of the roads before setting out on a trip. Driving in Iceland may be hazardous because of the unpredictable weather, gravel roads, and animal crossings.

You may have a safe and happy trip to Iceland by being vigilant, using common sense, and being prepared.

Driving in Iceland:

Driving in Iceland

To travel around Iceland’s uninhabited regions and beautiful scenery, many people rent cars. Driving in Iceland, though, requires that you keep the following in mind:

  • Road conditions: The weather in Iceland can be erratic, and vice versa for the state of the roads. Regularly check the weather and road conditions, especially in the winter when driving might be difficult due to snow and ice. The most recent information on road conditions and closures can be found on the website

Off-road driving is completely forbidden in Iceland to preserve the country’s delicate nature. Respect any closures or signs indicating restricted access by staying on specified roads and paths. Off-road driving can result in severe fines and permanent environmental harm.

  • F-Roads: A 4×4 vehicle is necessary on F-Roads, which are highland roads. Make sure you have a proper car, verify the state of the roads, and are ready for rocky terrain and river crossings before heading out on the F-road. Before trying F-roads, it is advised to have prior expertise driving in difficult terrain.
  • Limits on speed and security: Be mindful of the posted speed restrictions, which are often 80 km/h on gravel roads, 90 km/h on paved roads, and 50 km/h in urban areas. Be cautious of other vehicles, especially visitors who are inexperienced with the road conditions in the area. Always buckle up and abide by the regulations of the road.
    Plan your fuel stops, especially in distant locations where there may not be many petrol stations. Whenever there are restrooms accessible, use them to rest, stretch your legs, and use the restroom.

You can have a safe and pleasurable road journey in Iceland by becoming familiar with the road conditions, adhering to traffic laws, and driving properly.

Outdoor Activities:

Adventure seekers can engage in a variety of thrilling outdoor pursuits in Iceland. Before starting an outdoor activity, keep in mind the following:

  • Safety first: When participating in outdoor activities, put safety first. Due to the rocky terrain and unpredictable weather in Iceland, vigilance is advised. Stay on recognised roads, do your research on safety precautions, and let someone know your plans.

Iceland’s weather is erratic, so dress appropriately by layering and using weatherproof gear. Bring strong hiking or volcanic terrain exploration shoes. Carry the necessities, such as a map, compass, and first aid kit.

  • Wildlife Encounters: A wide range of animals, including birds, seals, and marine life, can be found in Iceland. Respectfully observe wildlife from a distance to prevent disturbing their habitat. When interacting with protected species, adhere to the rules and restrictions.
  • Seeing the Northern Lights: also known as the Aurora Borealis, is a surreal experience if you’re travelling in the winter. For the best possibility of viewing this natural phenomenon, consult the aurora forecast and travel to places that are dark and without much light pollution.
  • Iceland is recognised for having active volcanoes: Observe any volcanic activity, and adhere to any safety directives given by regional authorities. Be cautious when visiting volcanic locations, such as Heime’s Aldfell volcano or the Krafla volcano system.

Natural hot springs are available in Iceland thanks to the country’s geothermal activity. Respect the environment, abide by the rules, and stay away from undesignated or unlabeled hot springs because temperature changes can be deadly in these areas.

When engaging in outdoor recreation in Iceland, keep these things in mind: plan ahead, know your limits,  and respect the environment. You can make the most of Iceland’s magnificent scenery with the correct planning and a sense of adventure.

Prices and Cost of Living:

It is significant to remember that Iceland is renowned for having a high cost of living when compared to many other European nations. Living expenses and the cost of products and services could be more expensive than you are accustomed to. What you should know is as follows:

  • Accommodations: In famous tourist areas like Reykjavik, hotels and guesthouses in Iceland can be pricey. To cut costs, look at alternate lodging options like hostels, guesthouses, or camping.
  • Dining: Dining in restaurants, particularly in popular regions, can be pricey. Look for low-cost options like coffee shops, bakeries, or neighborhood food trucks. Think about doing some of your food shopping and self-catering.
  • Alcohol and Eating Out: Alcoholic beverages are expensive and subject to high taxes in Iceland. Be prepared to pay more if you want to have a drink with your meal. To save money, think about purchasing alcohol in duty-free stores at airports.

Due to the country’s sparse public transport system, hiring a car is a popular option for getting to  Iceland. However, keep in mind that other expenses like petrol, parking, and rental automobiles may arise.

  • Supplies and groceries: Buying groceries at the neighborhood grocery can be less expensive than eating out every meal. Look for locally produced items and solutions that are affordable.

You can control your spending and yet take advantage of everything Iceland has to offer by creating a proper budget, looking into alternate lodging and dining alternatives, and keeping your expenses in mind.


In conclusion, it is crucial to be organised and knowledgeable before traveling to Iceland. Iceland provides some issues, but it also offers stunning vistas, uncommon experiences, and dynamic culture. Learn about the weather and the seasons because they can be unpredictable. To protect Iceland’s natural beauty, respect the environment and engage in ethical tourism. To negotiate financial transactions easily, be aware of the currency and tipping customs. Take advantage of the chance to brush up on your Icelandic in order to communicate with the locals. When engaging in outdoor activities, put safety first and pay attention to traffic conditions. Plan your spending according to the high cost of living. By keeping these points in mind, you may maximize the beauties of this enchanting kingdom of fire and ice, make lifelong memories, and fully enjoy your trip to Iceland.

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